Tag Archive | SANERI

Carbon Capture Storage Technology Underway in SA

SANEDI, the South African Energy Development Institute, told the portfolio committee on energy that work was being conducted on extraction of carbon dioxide from fossil usage and pilot drilling was taking place near Port Elizabeth on the geological storage of carbon dioxide at great depth.

Dr (Prof) AD Surridge of SANEIRI, the research body of SANEDI, said that in common with other countries and backed by the department of energy, Sasol, PetroSA, Eskom, the UK and Norwegian governments, Total, Anglo Coal, Xstrata, Exxaro and others, carbon capture storage as a system was a real possibility in South Africa.

This inland location for tests had been chosen for reasons of cost, but vast suitable geological areas had been located offshore in South Africa where storage for many hundreds of thousands of years would be safe.

Dr Surridge said, “It is not so much as to whether the technology works. We know it works”, he said. “Such has been operating at global sites for many years. It’s a question of scaling up the finance and doing things on a far bigger scale to get ahead”.

SANEDI operates as part of the Central Energy Fund (CEF) which also manages the operation and development of the oil and gas assets and operations of the South African government with its subsidiary, PetroSA. A CEF subsidiary, iGas acts is involved in the development of LN gas and LP gas.

Kevin Nassiep, CEO of the operating research body SANERI, told parliamentarians that in financing its various operational scenarios to conduct energy research across all aspects of energy in South Africa, it had submitted four financial models to Treasury varying from models to develop the institute as an independent entity with a full programme of projects, a model with gradual transition over a number of years to that of SANEDI in a survival mode.

He said that the fourth option had been chosen by Treasury in its budget and consequently SANEDI was just surviving. SANERI was operating at very low level insofar as its objectives were concerned and “the two building blocks of sustainable energy solutions to South Africa’s search for a low carbon economy, that of innovation research and energy conservation, were being undertaken at slow speed.”

SANEDI’s brief in terms of the National Energy Act was to direct, monitor and conduct energy research and promote energy efficiency through SANERI, Nassiep said. Their goals were to be in direct support of the department of energy (DOE) role and DOE’s energy policy, and to assist in all matters regarding climate mitigation.

He said that that in most matters regarding radical energy decisions, South Africa in each major topic had to decide whether to become an “innovator” by becoming a leader in that field; whether to be an “adaptor” and take existing standard prototypes and change these to suit South African systems or be a “follower” and simply “buy off the shelf” in order to meet cost restraints or because such suited the occasion.

Dr Willie de Beer, dealing with electricity energy distribution matters for SANEDI, said that with the collapse of the centralised electrical distribution concept known as EDI holdings there was a resurgence of suppliers pushing their own proprietary systems in the search for a better and “smarter” national supply grid. Consequently, conformity was a problem unless it was controlled.

Lack of funding in all aspects of the work being undertaken by the research body, SANERI, appeared to be the issue, Parliament was told.

Dr de Beer told parliamentarians that urgent decisions had to be taken in this regard to underpin economic growth and an inter government smart grid task group with a smart task team financed properly so that “plug and play” commonalised systems were adopted and a lead given by a common government “voice”.

But, he said, the “smart grid” was not emerging quickly enough because there were too many players and nobody was either prepared to invest properly or take risk. There was little in the way of team approach, he said, and intergovernmental participation across the board had not been achieved.

David Mahuma of SANERI described a number of biomass projects either converting energy from invasive alien plant life; biogas projects working in agricultural situations and mini-hydro schemes currently being investigated. This was all part of the “Working for Energy programme”, he said, and current focus was to help communities with pelletised bio-mass waste systems.

SANERI described to parliamentarians a number of projects including LPG driven taxis, which were succeeding in KwaZulu-Natal and a biomass piggery plant in Mpumalanga that was providing its own electrical energy needs and some to spare for the local grid.

 

 

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